Jürgen Habermas: Public Sphere (Ruang Publik) dan Media Massa


Konsep public sphere pada awalnya bermula dari sebuah esai Jürgen Habermas pada tahun 1962 berjudul The Structural Transformation of The Public Sphere. Konsep Public Sphere (Ruang Publik) Bagi Habermas (1989) (dalam Barker, 2004: 380), ruang publik adalah satu wilayah yang muncul pada ruang spesifik dalam “masyarakat borjuis”. Ini adalah ruang yang memperantarai masyarakat sipil dengan […]

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On Boredom


“Life presents itself first and foremost as a task: the task of maintaining itself… If this task is accomplished, what has been gained is a burden, and there then appears a second task: that of doing something with it so as to ward of boredom, which hovers over every secure life like a bird of […]

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Pendulum of Suffering – The Universe As Will: Schopenhauer’s Pessimism


Rust’ denies any affiliation (other than for the purpose of mere meditation), and asserts that he is in philosophical terms “what’s called a pessimist”. Understandably, many people, including Martin himself, upon hearing this term for the first time, were inclined to ask ‘What’s that?’ The answer is at first evasive: “That means i’m bad at […]

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